- COMMUNITY BASED ORGANIZATIONS& HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
Community Based Organizations (CBO) is the backbone of any social work agency as they operate at the grass roots. According to CHASS, the Community Based Organizations referred to are the local social service units of CHASS representing different functional grassroots organizations of stakeholders, namely, Self Help Group, Mahilasamajams, Farmers Clubs and Credit Union. During 2014-15 about 95,000 marginalized rural poor have been organizationally lined up duly substantiated by awareness and specific functions geared to self-reliant development.
A. Local Social Service Units
Village level Local Social Service Units of CHASS are the apex body of all the grassroots level people’s organizations functioning under the banner of CHASS. The Governing body of the CHASS local unit is duly constituted by the elected representatives of all the CBOs functioning under the umbrella of it. CHASS works through 138 local units which are located in local parishes duly monitored by the parish priest and supported by the regional coordinator of CHASS. These units are the functional structure of CHASS at grassroots. These local units are networked to 16 Region/ Forane level units functioning under the banner of CHASS. Local units support CHASS to identify and prioritize the problems or issues at the village level and to plan, implement and evaluate the projects and programs. They also undertake local need based activities of their own.
B. Self Help Groups
Self Help Group (SHG) is a neighborhood fraternity of likeminded people with common objectives are facilitated to come together to participate in the development activities such as, mutual learning and cooperation, thrift & saving credit and income generation thereby ensuring economic independence. It is a grassroots level people’s organization mainly intended to mobilize the human resource for community development. SHG phenomenon definitely brings group consciousness among members, a sense of belongingness, self \ respect, sense of public participation, the enlarged horizon of social involvements adequate self confidence, etc.
|Category||No. of SHGs||Membership|
|SHG for Women||1095||17523|
|SHG for Men||274||4932|
|SHG for PWDs||157||1727|
|SHG for Children||89||3115|
SHG and Community Banking
All the SHGs have fostered a culture of savings among the members and systematic application of the savings mobilized for the economic well being of the members. CHASS has always presented a good model of enforcing savings and credit discipline among its SHG members. All the SHGs have saving bank account in the nearest area bank branches in which all cash balances deposited after meeting the day to day business needs. In addition to this all the SHGs are linked to the village level Credit Unions functioning under the banner of CHASS
In all the villages (Parish) the women SHGs are coordinated under a federated body named as Mahilasamajam. At present there are 93 Mahilasamajams actively functioning under the banner of CHASS. These mahialasamajams are federated under a central level network body named AWARD.
D. Farmers Clubs
CHASS is also promoting farmers’ clubs as part of promoting organic farming. There are 63 farmers clubs actively engaged in organic farming practices in the operational area of CHASS. These groups focus and promote organic farming and they also organize village markets where people can buy chemical free vegetables and other products at lower prices.
E.Joint Liability Groups (JLGs)
CHASS has taken initiatives to form Joint Liability Groups as an effective tool to augment the flow of credit to farmers, especially small, marginal, tenant farmers taking up farm activities. JLGs are groups formed from existing SHG members comprising of 5 to 10 members. During 2014-15 280 JLGs have been renewed and 45 JLGs have been newly formed.